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Guan Yin

Actually, Kwan-yin or Guan Yin(Goddess of Mercy) was translated from "Avalokites' Vara" in Sanskrit. With kind and dignified facial appearance, Kwan-yin holds a clean bottle with a twig of willow in his hand. he is regarded to have infinite wisdom and theurgy and it is he who was said to be infinitely merciful and apt at rescuing the human world from disasters, hence the title of "Goddess of Mercy". So as one of the four major Bodhisattvas in Buddhism, he is highly valued by Buddhists in China.

Kwan-yin was introduced to China in the Three Kingdoms Period, however, at that time, the image of Kwan-yin was a martial man, very similar to those painted in frescos (with a pair of pretty moustaches above the lip) in Mogao Grottoes in Dunhuang, Gansu Province and statues of the Southern and Northern Dynasty. Later, the Image of Kwan-yin was changed into female appearance. According to Buddhists saying, Kwan-yin was good at changing images. the reason why Kwan-yin chose the female appearance because his kindness and clemency is in conformity with Chinese women's mercifulness and kindheartedness.

Putuo Mountain in Zhejiang Province is Kwan-yin bodhimandala. Legend says that in ancient China, a Japanese monk intended to take Kwan-yin statue to his country, however, their plan was frustrated by storms at the South China Sea, so he decided to build a Kwan-yin bodhimandala on Putuo Mountain. There is still a "Decline to leave" Kwan-yin Temple (supposedly as the first temple built by the Japanese monk) standing on the mountain.

China is rich in numerous Kwan-yin temples, Kwan-yin halls and Kwan-yin cavities of all sizes, also a kind of tea named Tieh-Kwan-Yin tea.