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Situated in eastern Asia on the western shore of the Pacific Ocean, China has an area of 9.6 million square kilometers. Along its 18,000 kilometers continental coastline, more than 5,000 islands are studded, among which Taiwan and Hainan are the largest.

 

Capital of China – Beijing

 

Beijing has served as the capital of China for over 800 years. Beijing boasts the finest remnants of China's imperial past. The Forbidden City is famous as one of the largest and best-preserved ancient imperial palace museums; the Great Wall is China's legendary line of defense; the Summer Palace is a lovely imperial garden: they are all the representatives of Beijing.

 

China National Flag

 

The five-star-red flag is the National Flag of China. Zeng liansong (1917-1999), an economist in Shanghai is the designer of National flag. On the bright red bases there are five golden stars adorning on the upper left side corner. The bright red bases represent the great and sacred revolution led by CPC. The larger star on the left represents the CPC. The other smaller four represents Chinese people. The whole flag means that under the leadership of CPC, Chinese people can defeat all the enemies and invaders, overcome all the difficulties and succeed in all the revolutions and constructions. On the occasion of the foundation of the P.R. China on October 1st, 1949, the present Chinese flag was first hoisted in the Tiananmen Square.

 

National Anthem of China

 

The National Anthem of the P.R. China is the “March of the Volunteers”, which was composed by Nie Er and Tian Han in 1932 to encourage Chinese people to resist the invasion from the Japanese. On September 27th, 1949, “March of the Volunteers” was adopted as the temporary National Anthem by the 1st CPPCC. During the Cultural Revolution (1966-1976), this song was forbidden to be sung. In 1978, this song was readopted as the National Anthem, but the lyrics were changed. In 1982 the original lyrics were restored. On March 14th,, 2004, the song was selected to be the National Anthem of China formally by the Second Plenary Session of 10th NPC.

 

China national emblem

 

The Chinese National Badge was designed by Liang sicheng, Lin huiyin and other 6 experts and finally confirmed by Gao Zhuang. The whole badge symbolizes the New Democratic Revolution began with the May Fourth movement and foundation of People's Republic of China, with the constitution People's Democratic Dictatorship, on the base of Worker-Peasant Alliance, and under the leadership of Working Class. The five stars have the same meaning with the ones on National Flag. The golden gear represents the workers while the wheat represents the peasants. The connection of workers and peasants represents the Worker-Peasant Alliance led by the Working Class of China. The Castle of Tiananmen Square represents the great Revolutionary Traditions and magnificent National Spirits of Chinese people; meanwhile, it is the symbol of Beijing - the capital of P.R. China.  The red and golden color of the National Badge represents fortunate and magnificence.

 

China Population

 

China has the largest population in the world. Among the population of 1.33 billion, over 40% of them live in urban area. With the aim to limit the population, strict policy of family planning has been in place for decades.


Ethnic Groups in China

 

China is a multiracial country with 55 ethnic groups, including Achang, Bai, Bonan, Blang, Bouyei, Korean, Daur, Dai, De'ang, Dongxiang, Derung, Oroqen, Russian, Ewenki, Gaoshan, Gelao, Hani, Kazak, Hezhen, Hui, Jino, Gin, ingpo, Kirgiz, Lahu, Li, Lisu, Lhoba, Manchu, Maonan, Mongolian, Monba, Miao, Mulam, Naxi, Nu, Primi, Qiang, Salar, She, Sui, Tajik, Tatar, Tu, Tujia, Va, Uygur, Uzbek, Xibe, Yi, Yuigur, Yao, Tibetan, and Zhuang. The ethnical groups account for only 8 percent of the population. Most of these ethnic people live in China's northwestern and southwestern frontiers, such as Xinjiang, Tibet, Gansu, Yunnan, Guizhou, Sichuan and Guangxi.


History of China

 

China is an old oriental country. Chinese culture originated about 5000 years ago. For thousands of years, China was always one of the most advanced countries in the world. But when history entered in 19th, China began to fall behind and western countries entered China by cannons. After a century’s resistance, People Republics of China was founded by Chinese Communist. Now, China is trying his best to recover its flourish.


Public Holidays

 

Currently, there are seven official public holidays in Mainland China, namely the New Year Holiday, the Spring Festival , the Tomb Sweeping Day, the May Day Holiday, the Dragon Boat Festival Holiday, the Mid-Autumn Festival Holiday and the National Day Holiday.


China's Top Tourist Cities

 

Beijing, Shanghai, Guilin, Xian and Hong Kong are the five best known tourist destinations in China. Beijing is well-known for its mixture of moderation and ancient culture, such as the Great Wall and the Forbidden City. Shanghai is the largest and the most prosperous metropolis China, which features a combined culture of East and West.  Guilin is famous for the Li River, which is the most beautiful natural scenery of water and mountains. Xi'an, which served as capital for over 1,000 years, is famous for its long history. The Terracotta Army is the symbol of Xi'an.  Hong Kong is a fusion of many cultures and the paradise of shopping.

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