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Chinese Geography and Climate


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China Weather and Climate


China has a large territory so that the climates differ a lot from north to south and from the west to the east. The Yangtze-Huai Watershed in the center of the country is marked by distinctive seasonal changes. The south part of Hainan Island has long summers but no winters while the northern part of Heilongjiang Province has long winters but short summers. The Yunnan - Guizhou Plateau has spring all year round. The temperature changes dramatically in the northwest hinterland, such as Xinjiang, Gansu. The Qinghai-Tibet Plateau is the high tundra zone of China and the temperature there runs low in all four seasons, especially in winter. Some desert areas, such as the Taklimakan Desert and the Gurbantunggut Desert, are dry all year round.


Land Formation

The mainland of China drops off eastward to the ocean, which is easy for the entry of humid air currents from the ocean, and makes the rivers running eastward. China has complex terrain, with mountains, tablelands, hills, basins, plateau and plains. Turpan Basin, 154 meters below sea level, is the lowest point in China mainland. Qomolangma stands 8,848 meters above sea level in Tibet, which is the highest in the world.


Rivers and Lakes


As a result of the terrain, rivers in China run eastward. The Yangtze, the Yellow River and the Pearl River are the most famous rivers in China, among which the middle reach of the Yellow River Basin is the cradle of Chinese civilization. There are over 2000 lakes studded within the territory of China mainland. Qinghai Lake, Poyang Lake, Dongting Lake, Taihu Lake are the largest ones.




China is a country with 33 percent of land covered with mountains. Among the thousands of mountains of various sizes, the most famous scenic mountains include: the Yellow Mountain in Anhui Province, the Mt. Tai in Shandong Province, Mount Emei in Sichuan Province, the Mt. Hua in Shaanxi Province, and Mt. Lu in Jiangxi Province. Besides, there are four most well-known Buddhist mountains as followed: Putuo Mountain, in Zhejiang Province, Wutai Mountain in Shanxi Province, Jiuhuashan in Anhui Province and Mount Emei in Sichuan. These four mountains combine religious culture with natural scenery.


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