As a country with over 5,000 years history, China never disappoint tourists in the historical and cultural sites. Almost every country has its own heroes/heroines to worship, and many buildings built in memory of their brave activities. Meanwhile, as China is dominated by Buddhism, Taoist and Confucianism, many temples and pavilions were built for their gods, buddhas and sage.
China has 40 World Heritage Sites, ranking thrid in the world (Spain ranks first, and Italy ranks second). Among the 40, there are 27 cultural sites in China, many of these are the religious in nature and profied on scared destinations, such as Forbidden City, Terra Cotta Warriors, Mogao Caves, Mount Taishan, Great Wall etc.
As China has over 5,000 years history and hundreds of mountains and plenty of beautiful lakes, it is not surprisedly to know that China has hundreds of ancient town, however, according to the transportations and advertisements, only a few of them have been known by tourists, such as Zhouzhuang, Xitang, Luzhi, Dali ancient Town etc. If you have time, we highly suggest you travel around in China with your own feet, then you will find somethings hidden behind.
Buddhist Cave is really a miracle of history, through whcih people could figure out the ancient religion, arts, architecture, calligraphy, music, dress, and medicine etc. As an outdoor art museum of stone carvings, it never disappoint any Buddhist tourist who want to find more and deeper in the Buddhist world. A visit to these caves is highly suggested. The Longmen Grottoes near Luoyang, the Mogao Caves near Dunhuang and the Yungang Grottoes near Datong are the must see buddhist caves in China.
As a country with over 5,000 years history related to feudal dynasties, China has many "capitals" which were surrounded by high walls and lookout towers. However, as time flies by, many castels collapsed. China Gate is now the largest existing ancient castle in China, and it is the south gate of Nanjing during early Ming Dynasty (1368-1644).
Being a part of Chinese traditional Culutre, and the place where the scholars met the beauties in ancient China, Chinese gardens are the big arenas bearing the dreams of being happiness and wealth of Chinese. It is not just a building complex with ponds inside, but an area harmoniously mixing man-made landscape with natural scenery, architecture, painting, calligraphy and horticulture. Every elaborated details have rich meanings, we do suggest you have a knowledgeble tour guide, then you will figure out more than just been taught it is a typical Chinese Garden.
For keeping the threats of enemies far away from one's city, every dynasty in China would build a high city wall with lookout tower. The Great Wall is a nice example, it is a great work of different states before Qingshihuang united the whole China, however, Emperor Qinshihuang did a great work to link these sections and enstrength them. Subsequently, along with some city defence buildings, they became important parts of China's historical relics. Among them, the Pingyao city wall, which is the best preserved city wall in China, is really worth a visit.
Mausoleums and tombs in China are also nice ways to get through China's history and its culture. It's ture different dynasties have different custom to bury their forefathers and relatives, mostly depend on their wealth and social environments, such as the imperial families of Tang Dynasty like to bury their members into huge mountains with huge block of stone blocked the entrance, and imperial families of Ming Dynasty like to bury their members under the ground.
Basically speaking, there are over 2, 000 museums in China in various themes, such as Terracotta Army Museum in Xian in the cultural relics, National Museum in Beijing in the recent History and the Forbidden City Museum in the culture of imperial families.
Palaces in China is really common to see, no matter the size, the hierarchy, the location. Among them, the most famous two are the Forbidden City in Beijing and Potala Palace in Tibet. Both of them are the living places of imperial families members and Emperors, and now are the famous tourist attractions. However, most of tourists thought one hour to go through Potala Palace is far away from enough.
Religious sites in Chins is not hard to find, for during the long history of China, people belives firmly in Taoist, Buddhism, Confucianism. However, most of China threw these believes far behind for tiding the economy. Shaolin Temple is the right place to find buddhism, and Mount Songshan is the right place to find the connections between nature and imperial ceremonies.
In ancient times, temples are served for the offer sacrifices to the heaven, the earth, the sun, the moon, the country, mountains by emperor and scholars of the past. Nowadays, temples have already become a symbol of Chinese buddhism, however, some of them are really good at cheating their believers money by fortune-telling or something like this.
Pagodas began to be constructed in China for holding the sutras of Buddhism which are transorted from India to China via Silk Road and other religious purpose. Nowadays, these pagodas with rich culture of Buddhism have become famous tourist attractions already.
In the last few decades, along with the ascending pursuits in mental culture by Chinese, China has opened over dozens of theme parks in various arrangements, styles and motifs. Besides, not only the Children, but also the old people will find the enjoyments in these parks. Among them, the Disneyland in Hong Kong is the best.
Biking through countryside or cities in China is definitely a nice way, should be praised. it is a good way to have a closer look at the local life and people. However, sometimes, it is not practical for the bad road conditons, floating dusts and brave pedestrians. Biking in Yangshuo rural area is definitely one of the most famous biking trails.
The 5,000-year splendid culture gives China numerous historical relics, which is a nice way to get through ancient China's colorful culture and history in all aspects, even the suffering history, such as the Old Summer Palace in Beijing, which is a humiliation of whole Chinese.
we do think the 5,000 years splendid China culture and civilization is created by some people who stick firmly to his/her dreams and idea and do what they can do in positive ways to push the development of his/her dream and idea, as well as the civilization of China. So, the former residences of these people become nice places to know them.