Middle Autumn Festival,Architecture
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Middle Autumn Festival

The fifteenth day of each eighth lunar month is that the ancient Chinese Mid-Autumn Day. The moon on the night of the fifteenth day of lunar August is believed to be fuller and brighter than in different months. It’s the foremost vital competition once the Chinese Lunar New Year.

A full moon could be an image of togetherness. As such, the Mid-Autumn competition could be a time for family reunion. It is also known as "Reunion Festival". The origin of the Mid-Autumn competition derived from the tradition of worshipping the Goddess of Moon. The competition is additionally a time to celebrate an honest autumn harvest. It dates back thousands of years and therefore the modern-day festive customs were gradually fashioned over the years. Those unable to induce home to affix the get-together miss their family even additional on the day. Typically speaking, eating moon cakes, enjoying the moon and lighting up lanterns are common traditions on the day.

In addition, varied components of the country and every one ethnic minority have totally different Mid-Autumn competition customs. In Zhejiang, the Mid-Autumn competition is a perfect time for tide watching. fireplace dragon dances are sometimes performed in Hong Kong on the competition in Anhui do a game known as "pagoda building" and therefore the Dai ethnic people pay tribute to the moon and therefore the Gaoshan ethic people sometimes perform ball-holding dance. In Nanjing, the competition coincides with the blooming season of sweet-scented osmanthus flowers. Native individuals prefer to decide contemporary osmanthus flowers for delicious food getting ready. They historically eat osmanthus flower ducks and drink the flower juice. Of these attention-grabbing customs are a sign of people's love of life and smart desires for a higher future.
There are innumerable Chinese legends regarding the moon.

The story of Goddess Chang'e, Wu Gang and therefore the Jade Rabbit living on the moon remains fashionable these days. There are varied poems regarding the Mid-Autumn competition since precedent days. Though he lamented by writing "Men have sorrow and joy, they half or meet again; the moon could also be bright or dim, she might wax or wane. There has been nothing excellent since the olden days", he conjointly expressed his desires by writing "So allow us to want that man can live long as he can; though miles apart, we'll share the sweetness she displays", reflecting what proportion those far-flung from home would love to reunite with their families and the way deeply they missed their hometowns.

  • Mooncake

Mooncakes are traditionally Chinese pastries generally eaten during the Mid-Autumn Festival. Typical Chinese mooncakes are round in shape, and measure around 10 cm (4 inches) in diameter and 4-5 cm (2 inches) in thickness. With a thin tender skin, the mooncake has a sweet and dense filling. Served with Chinese tea, mooncakes are usually eaten in small wedges shared by family members.

In ancient China, mooncakes are the must-eat food for the Mid-Autumn Festival ans was prepared by house wives at home when the festival was approaching. Nowadays, as mooncakes are widely available in markets, so few people make them at home. The price of mooncakes usually ranges from $ 10 (70 yuan) to $ 50 (340 yuan) for a box of four, though some of the very expensive mooncakes reached thousands of Yuan for a box.

  • History of Mooncakes

Legend says at the emd of the Yuan Dynasty (1271–1368), the Han people’s army wanted to overthrow the rule of Mongols so they planned an uprising, but it was hard to find a way to inform every Han people the time of uprising without being discovered by the Mongols. One day, the military counselor of the Han people’s army, Liu Bowen, thought out a stratagem related to mooncakes. Firstly, he asked his soldiers to spread the rumor that there would be a serious disease in winter and the only way to cure the disease is eating mooncakes; Secondly, he asked soldiers to write "uprising, on the night of the Mid-Autumn Festival" on slips of paper, put them into mooncakes and then sell them to common Han people Then, when the night of the Mid-Autumn Festival came a huge uprising broke out. From then on, eating mooncakes on the Mid-Autumn Festival becomes a tradition.

  • Fillings of Traditional Mooncakes:

Though differ in various regions in China, the most used fillings of traditional Mooncakes are as follows:

Lotus seed paste: It is made from dried lotus seeds, which is considered by some people the most delicious and luxurious filling for mooncakes.

Sweet bean paste: There are several types of sweet bean paste: mung bean paste, red bean paste and black bean potato paste, while Red bean paste is the most commonly used filling for mooncakes.

Five kernel: This filling consists of 5 types of nuts and seeds: walnuts, pumpkin seeds, watermelon seeds, peanuts, sesame seeds and almonds.

Egg yolk: A whole salted egg yolk is placed in the center of mooncakes to symbolize the full moon.  Egg Yolk Mooncake is the most delicious mooncake, personally speaking.
Jujube paste: A sweet paste made from the ripe fruits of the jujube (date) plant. It is dark red in color.

  • Regional Varieties of Mooncakes

Different regions have different mooncakes with different ways to make. Besides, the fillings used in mooncakes depend on local eating culture and tradition.
 
1.Cantonese-style mooncakes
Originated from South China’s Guangdong Province, Cantonese-style mooncakes are rich in various fillings, such as lotus seed paste, melon seed paste, ham, chicken, duck, roast pork, mushrooms, and egg yolks, and it tastes sweet.
 
2.Suzhou-style mooncakes
Known as Su-style mooncakes, Suzhou-style mooncakes have a history over one thousand year ago, which is well known throughout China for their layers of flaky dough and generous allotment of sugar and lard. It tastes both sweet and savory.

3.Beijing-style mooncakes
Originated in Beijng and Tianjin, Beijing-style mooncakes feature the delicate use of sweetness, moderate allotment of skin and fillings, and meticulous decoration.

4.Chaoshan-style mooncakes
Compared with Suzhou style mooncakes, Chaoshan-style mooncakes are large in size, and the most commonly used fillings are mung bean paste and black bean potato paste.

Ningbo-style mooncakes
It tastes spicy and salty.

  • Modern Mooncakes

1.Ice cream mooncakes

It is made of ice cream and in the shape of mooncake. Nowadays, it has become increasingly popular in recent years among young people and kids.

2.Fruit and vegetable mooncakes
The fillings for this kind of flavor are various vegetables and fruits which include:  hami melon, pineapple, litchi, strawberry, white gourd and orange.
3.Seafood mooncakes
Made of abalone, shark fin and dried purple seaweed, these kinds of mooncakes are the most expensive mooncakes, featuring a fresh and slightly salty flavor.

4.Naliang mooncakes
Naliang means to ‘receive coolness’. This is the latest creation with the fillings of lily, green bean or tea, all of which have a cooling effect on the body.

5.Coconut milk mooncakes
The fillings are made of fresh coconut milk and it tastes fresh and sweet and do have the effect of promoting digestion, and improving one's skin.

6.Tea mooncakes
They are made by adding tea to other fillings. The most popular flavor is by adding tea to lotus seed paste.

7.Health food mooncakes
This kind of mooncake is made of many healthy ingredients such as ginseng, calcium, medicated food and other things that are good for health.


  • To see Mid-Autumn Festival in Beijing

1. Lugou Bridge
East of Lugou Bridge at Wanping Town, each year around the Mid-Autumn Festival, the local people will hold Temple fairs here to celebrate the Mid-Autumn Festival.

2. Beihai Park
Beihai Park was chosen by generations of Chinese emperors and high officials to watch the moon during the Mid-Autumn Festival.

3. Dajue Temple
With good food and sweet tea here, tourist will spend a nice Mid-Autumn Festival night here in Dajue Temple under the full moon.

4. Yangtaishan
Yantaishan is well known place of enjoying the full moon. You can walk along the tree-lined path and enjoy the fresh air here.

  • To see Mid-Autumn Festival in Shanghai

1. Oriental Pearl TV Tower
The tower is 468 m high, the highest in Asia and the third highest in the world. On almost any level above the base of the tower, one can get a fabulous view of the city as it stretches out toward the horizon.

2. The Bund
The Bund is the most popular place to celebrate the Mid-Autumn Festival in Shanghai, for many restaurants and tea houses situated along it.

3. Sheshan
You can enjoy a fun in daytime at Happy Valley, and watch the moon at the lakeside at night at the Le Royal Meridien Shanghai. Besides, there is an observatory at the top of the mountain for astronomy lovers to have a closer and clearer look at the moon.

4. Zhujiajiao
At the night of Mid-Autumn Festival nights, the town will be lit by lanterns hanging by old houses. Spend a quite night by sipping tea at one of the small riverside tea houses will be very enjoyable.

  • To see Mid-Autumn Festival in Hong Kong

1. Victoria Peak
Victoria Peak is the highest peak on Hong Kong Island with an altitude of 554 meter. On festival night, viewed from the peak, the island becomes a fairyland with the spectacular lights of its immense towers setting a stage for the rising moon.

2. Avenue of Stars
Avenue of Stars is a wonderful place to view the night scenery of Hong Kong Island.

3. Repulse Bay
The most romantic places in Hong Kong among young people for the young Chinese writer, Zhang Ailing(Eileen Chang).

4. Lantau Island
Lantau Island is a sparsely populated island of mainly theme parks, tourist sites, parks and natural areas. It has become a refreshing destination for local Hong Kongers who come here for a weekend's rest.

  • To see Mid-Autumn Festival in Shenzhen

1. Lotus Flower Mountain Park
Lotus Flower Mountain Park is the most popular place in Shenzhen for locals to wait and watch for the rising moon. On Mid-Autumn Festival night, Kite Square (an open lawn in the park) sees groups of families and friends enjoying their evening.

2. Garden Expo Park
Garden Expo Park is very popular among locals for its refreshing and beautiful environment of typical gardens with lush trees and flowers.

3. Central Park
Transformed from an 800-meter-long green belt, the park is one of the few open green lands in downtown Shenzhen. Two artificial lakes were added to enhance and create harmonious beauty.

4. Honghu Park
Local people like to go the park to see lotus flowers and enjoy various water activities in summer. Large parts of Honghu Park are covered by water.