Han Chinese Clothing,Architecture
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Han Chinese Clothing

Chinese Han clothing, or Hanfu, refers to the costumes worn by the Han ethnic people from the ruling periods of the Three Emperors to the Ming Dynasty. Over thousands of years, the Han people created outstanding Hanfu culture with their intelligence.

As the traditional costume for such a long time, it is a representative of the characteristics of the Han nationality. It remained simple and elegant. The main characters of the clothing include no buttons, "Y" shaped cross collar with the left one upon the right and string or belt fastening, leaving a free and elegant feeling. And there can be classified into ceremonial and informal wear. 

In terms of the forms of a dress, it can be a "shenyi" style (the upper coat and the skirt sewed together) or a "ruqun" style (top garment with a separate lower garment or skirt); or an "upper-yi-and-lower-shang" style (a loose lapelled coat as an upper garment and a shang (a skirt) as a lower garment) etc. Among which, the ceremonial dress in "upper-yi-and-lower-shang" style used to be the most formal costume for royals and officials; the paofu (another name of  "shenyi") was an informal dress for officials and scholars; the ruqun was women's favorite while a short coat and long pants generally wore by ordinary labors.

Accessories and hair ornaments are also indispensable parts of Hanfu. In ancient times, boys and girls of the Han nationality would wear their hair in a coil and hold it in place with a hairpin after a certain age. Men, traditionally wore coronets, scarves and caps, etc. While women would comb their hair in various styles of coils or buns and wear all kinds of hair ornaments such as pearls, flowers and buyaos (a kind of hairpin) etc.