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Great Wall Construction


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Before the use of bricks, the Great Wall was mainly built from rammed earth, stones, and wood. During the Ming Dynasty, however, bricks were heavily utilized in many areas of the wall, as were materials such as tiles, lime, and stone. The dimensions and weight of the bricks made them easier to figure with than earth and stone, therefore construction quickened.

Additionally, bricks could bear more weight and endure better than rammed earth. Stone can hold its own weight better than brick, but is more difficult to use. Consequently, stones cut in rectangular shapes were used for the foundation, inner and outer brims, and gateways of the wall. Battlements line the uppermost portion of the vast majority of the wall, with defensive gaps a little over 30cm (12 inches) tall and about 23cm (9.1 inches) wide.