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  • Hong Kong Transportations

  • As it is well known, Hong Kong regarded an excellent public transport network, so it's very easy to get around Hong Kong.On average, the Octopus card is an essential item when travelling in Hong Kong, so you should prepare enough before you go.

     

    • 1. By Air

     

    Hong Kong has a fully active international airport. Hong Kong International Airport (HKIA), also known as Chek Lap Kok International Airport serves as a transport hub for East Asia and as the hub for Cathay Pacific Airways, Dragonair, Hong Kong Express, Hong Kong Airlines, and Air Hong Kong.

    HKIA’s network to China is also expanded by the opening of SkyPier in late September 2003. Passengers coming to SkyPier by high-speed ferries can board buses for onward flights while arriving air passengers can board ferries at the pier for their journeys back to the PRD. Passengers travelling both directions can bypass custom and immigration formalities, which reduces transit time. Four ports – Shekou, Shenzhen, Macau and Humen (Dongguan) – were initially served. As of August 2007, SkyPier serves Shenzhen's Shekou and Fuyong, Dongguan's Humen, Macau, Zhongshan and Zhuhai. Moreover, passengers travelling from Shekou and Macau piers can even complete airline check-in procedures with participating airlines before boarding the ferries and go straight to the boarding gate for the connecting flight at HKIA. The provision of cross boundary coach and ferry services has transformed HKIA into an inter-modal transportation hub combining air, sea and land transport.

     

    • 2. By Railway

     


    Hong Kong has an extensive train network. Public transport trains are operated by the MTR Corporation Limited. The MTR operates the metro network within inner urban Hong Kong, Kowloon Peninsula and northern part of Hong Kong Island with newly developed areas, Tsuen Wan, Tseung Kwan O, Tung Chung, Hong Kong Disneyland, the Hong Kong International Airport, the northeastern and northwestern parts of the New Territories. The Hong Kong Tramways operates a tram service exclusively on northern Hong Kong Island. The Peak Tram connects Central with the Victoria Peak.

    There are ten lines in the MTR system, with a total of 83 railway stations and 68 light rail stops. The ten lines are the East Rail, Kwun Tong, Tsuen Wan, Island, Tung Chung, Tseung Kwan O, West Rail, Ma On Shan, the Airport Express and the Disneyland Resort lines. Eight of the lines provide general metro services, whereas the Airport Express provides a direct link from the Hong Kong International Airport into the downtown city, while the Disneyland Resort Line exclusively takes visitors to Hong Kong Disneyland.

    The Light Rail possesses many characteristics of a tramway, including running on streets with other traffic on some of its tracks and providing services for the public in New Territories West, including Tuen Mun and Yuen Long. All trains and most MTR stations are air conditioned.

    The rail system is 13 kilometers (8.1 miles) long, with a total track length of 30 km (18.6 miles), and it runs together with other vehicles on the street. The trams provide service to only parts of Hong Kong Island: they run on a double track along the northern coast of Hong Kong Island from Kennedy Town to Shau Kei Wan, with a single clockwise-running track of about 3 kilometres (1.9 miles) around Happy Valley Racecourse.

    The Peak Tram is a funicular railway service which was inaugurated in 1888. It carries both tourists and residents to the upper levels of Hong Kong Island. It provides the most direct route to Victoria Peak and offers scenic views over Victoria Harbor and the skyscrapers of Hong Kong.

    The Hong Kong International Airport Automated People Mover is a driverless people-mover system located within the Hong Kong International Airport in Chek Lap Kok. It operates in two "segments". For departures, the train runs from Terminal 2 to the East Hall to the West Hall. For arrivals, the train runs only from the West Hall to the East Hall, where all passengers must disembark for immigration, customs, and baggage claim.

    Inter-city train services crossing the Hong Kong-China boundary (often known as through trains) are jointly operated by Hong Kong's MTR Corporation and the Ministry of Railways of the People's Republic of China. Currently, Hung Hom Station is the only station in Hong Kong where passenger can catch these trains. Passengers have to go through immigration and custom inspections before boarding. There are currently three through train routes: Between Hong Kong and Beijing; Between Hong Kong and Shanghai; Between Hong Kong and Guangzhou.

    A new high-speed service, namely the Guangzhou-Shenzhen-Hong Kong Express Rail Link, is being built. A new train station, West Kowloon Terminus, will be built in Hong Kong to be served by this new railway.

     

    • 3. By Bus

     


    There are five franchised bus companies:
    Kowloon Motor Bus Company (1933) Limited;
    Citybus Limited;
    Long Win Bus Company Limited;
    New World First Bus Services Limited;
    New Lantao Bus Company (1973) Limited.

    Public light buses run the length and breadth of Hong Kong, through areas which the standard bus lines cannot or do not reach as frequently, quickly or directly. Minibuses carry a maximum of 16 passengers; no standees are allowed.

    A large number of buses leave various parts of Hong Kong (usually from side streets and hotel entrances) to various cities in the Pearl River Delta.

     

    • 4. By Taxis


    Taxis in Hong Kong, operate in three distinct (but slightly overlapping) geographical areas, namely the Urban Area, New Territories, and Lantau, and they are distinguished by their color, red, green and blue respectively.

    Taxi fares are charged according to the taximeter; however, additional charges on the fare table may apply, such as road tolls and luggage fees. Urban taxis are the most expensive, while Lantau taxis are the cheapest. The standard of service among different kinds of taxis is mostly the same.

     

    • 5. By Boat


    The following companies operate ferry services in Hong Kong:


    (1) Star Ferry
    Central to Tsim Sha Tsui, Hung Hom
    Wanchai to Tsim Sha Tsui, Hung Hom
    Harbour Tour (Circular between Tsim Sha Tsui, Central, Wan Chai, and Hung Hom)

    (2) New World First Ferry
    Central to Cheung Chau, Mui Wo, and Peng Chau
    Tsim Sha Tsui, Mui Wo, Cheung Chau (Weekends Only)
    Peng Chau, Mui Wo, Chi Ma Wan, and Cheung Chau
    North Point to Hung Hom and Kowloon City
    Tuen Mun to Tung Chung

    (3) Hong Kong & Kowloon Ferry
    Lamma Island to Central and Aberdeen

    (4) Chuen Kee Ferry
    Lamma Island to Aberdeen

    (5) HKR International Limited
    Discovery Bay Transportation Services - Discovery Bay to Central
    Park Island Transport Company Ltd.:
    Ma Wan to Central, Tsuen Wan

    (6) Fortune Ferry
    North Point to Kwun Tong

    (7) Coral Sea Ferry
    Sai Wan Ho to Kwun Tong

    (8) External Routes
    In Hong Kong, there are three piers that provide ferry services to Macau and cities in southern China:
    The Hong Kong-Macau Ferry Terminal
    The Hong Kong-China Ferry Terminal
    The Tuen Mun Ferry Pier

    Ferry services are provided by several different ferry companies at these piers.

    Fastferry Hydrofoil and Catamaran service is available at all times of the week between Hong Kong and Macau.
    SurboJet provides 24-hour services connecting Central and Macau at a frequency of every 15 minutes. It also provides these regular services:
    Hong Kong International Airport to Shenzhen Airport / Macau / Guangzhou (East River Guangzhou Ferry Terminal)
    Tsim Sha Tsui to Guangzhou
    Macau to Shenzhen Airport
    Tsim Sha Tsui to Macau

    New World First Ferry (Macau) provides services between Tsim Sha Tsui and Macau for 17 hours daily, at a frequency of up to every 30 minutes.

    Chu Kong Passenger Transport (CKS) connects Hong Kong to cities in Guangdong province, including Zhuhai (Jiuzhou), Shenzhen (Shekou), Zhongshan (Zhongshan Kong), Lianhua Shan (Panyu), Jiangmen, Gongyi, Sanbu, Gaoming, Heshan, Humen, Nanhai, Shunde, Doumen.

    There are two gondola lift systems in Hong Kong:
    Ocean Park, Hong Kong Island, A 1.5 km in-park cable car system between Nam Long Shan Headland and Wong Chuk Hang. This service is not considered as a commuter system as it is inside the paid area of Ocean Park, Hong Kong.

    Ngong Ping Cable Car on Lantau Island, a 5.7 km cableway between Tung Chung MTR station and Ngong Ping Terminal near Po Lin Monastery, opened on 18 September 2006.

     

    • 6. By Bicycle


    Cycling is a popular means of transport in many parts of the New Territories, where new towns such as Shatin, Tai Po and Sheung Shui have significant cycle track networks. In the auto congested urban areas of Hong Kong and Kowloon, cycling is less common, despite their being compact relatively flat districts, in part because it is government policy (of Hong Kong) not to support cycling as part of the transportation system. Bicycles are conspicuous by their total absence at pedestrian transport hubs such as railway stations.