Located in the Anren Street of Shanghai, Yuyuan Garden was finished in 1577 by a government officer named Pan Yunduan of the Ming Dynasty for his parents as a place for them to enjoy a tranquil and happy time in their old age.
With over 400 year’s history, Yuyuan Garden experienced a lot. As the decline of Pan’s family, it became very dilapidated at first, then some rich merchants bought this garden in 1760 and used over 20 years to reconstruct this garden, however, the garden was severely damaged during the Opium War. Lastly, after a five year restoration project starts from 1956, the garden got a new life and opened to the public in September, 1961. With an area of 20,000 square meters, Yuyuan Garden has plenty of unique pavilions, halls, rockeries, ponds and cloisters in six main scenic areas, Sansui Hall, Wanhua Chamber, Dianchun Hall, Huijing Hall, Yuhua Hall and the Inner Garden.
While entering the garden, visitor will encounter a 14 meters high rockery, which is called the Great Rockery. It is the largest and oldest rockery in the southern region of the Yangtze River. On the top of the rockery, you can get a bird’s eye view of the garden. Besides, the Cuixiu Hall, which sells curio, locates a quite and elegant place surrounded by old trees and beautiful flowers.
With a height of 9 meters, Sansui Hall is the largest and most commodious structure in the garden. The name of Sansui, which comes from the History of the later Han Dynasty, means 'propitious' and 'lucky'. It was originally built for entertaining guests and later became a place to hold ceremonies for the gentlemen and bookmen.
The area of Yule Pavilion and Wanhua Chamber feature pavilions, corridors, streams, courtyards. derious cloisters surrounded Wanhua Chamber, and there are two old trees in front of the Wanhua Chamber, one of which is a 21 meters tall, 400 years old maidenhair tree. To the south of the Wanhua Chamber is the Dianchun Hall area, including Hexu Hall, Relic Hall, Ancient Well Pavilion, and the Acting-and-Sing Stage. Dianchun Hall was once the headquarters of Xiaodao Hui, a revolted group who fought against the government of the Qing Dynasty (1644-1911) during 1853-1855. Now this hall displays the coins and bulletins of Xiao Daohui.
Located across from Yuhua Hall, the exquisite Jade Rock is the real treasure of Yuyuan Garden, and it is one of the three famous rocks in the southern region of the Yangtze River (alongside Duanyun Feng in Suzhou and Zhouyun Feng in Hangzhou). With 3.3 meters high and 72 holes, it is very interesting to see that when burn a joss stick just below the rock; the smoke will magically float out from all of the holes. The furnishings in the hall were made of top grade rosewood of the Ming Dynasty, appearing both natural and graceful. The Inner Garden,
The Inner Garden was a separate garden built in 1709, but is now a part of Yuyuan Garden in the south. The Inner Garden is compact and exquisite, and the rocks, pavilions, ornamental ponds and flower walls offer some of the most attractive sceneries in Yuyuan Garden.
Admission Fee: Jul. 1-Aug.31; Dec.1-the next Mar.31: CNY 30Apr.1-Jun. 30; Sep.1-Nov.30: CNY 40
Opening Hours: 8:30-17:30 (tickets unavailable after 17:00)
By Subway: Take Subway Line 10 and get off at Yuyuan Station. Leave from Exit 1
Bus Route: Take bus 11, 26, 64, 730, 736, 801, 929, 932, 945, 969 or Fangchuan Line, and get off at Xinbeimen (Renmin Road Lishui Road) Station.