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Terra Cotta Warriors

Terra Cotta Warriors Overview

Facts The Terra Cotta Warriors and Horses are the sight not to be missed by any visitors to China. They are the most significant archeological excavations of the 20th century. It is a cultural and history symbol of China, which is around 1.5 kilometers east of Emperor Qin Shi Huang's Mausoleum in Lintong, Xian, Shaanxi Province. Upon ascending the throne at the age of 13 (in 246 B.C.), Qin Shi H... More

Stories of Terracotta Warriors

Stories before Unearthing A large piece of barren pebbles beach cover the land before the Qin Terracotta Warriors unearthed, where over 10 ancient tombs from Han (206BC-220) to Qing (1644-1911) dynasties have been discovered. The excavation of these tombs reached as deep as the horizon of soil where buried the terracotta warriors and certainly destroyed the warriors. Owing to the grave di... More

Terra Cotta Warriors Tips

Entrance Fee CNY110, including the Museum of Qin Terracotta Warriors and Horses, the Qin Shi Huang Mausoleum,  the Museum of Terracotta Acrobatics, the Museum of Terracotta Civil Officials and the Museum of Stone Armor. The Museum of Terracotta Acrobatics and the Museum of Terracotta Civil Officials will be opened in 2011. The Museum of Stone Armor has not opened either.   Traffic   ... More

Terra Cotta Warriors Rudiment

Materials  Do you know what kind of material the terracotta warriors and horses used to mould? Yes, we are not experts, but we can analysis the surround conditions, you know, the need of the earth is large, so the sourced from around the mausoleum called “yellow earth”. The yellow earth is easy to obtain, and is proved to be an appropriate material due to its adhesive quality and plastici... More

Accessory Pits

The finds of Qin Terracotta Warriors and Horses are very precious, like three pits. But except for this, experts have also discovered other pits, known as accessory pits, near the three main pits. The builder's graveyards, the slaughter pits, the rare birds and animal pits and the stable pits are included.   Builder's graveyards There are three builder's graveyards which located about a mile so... More

Bronze Chariots and Horses

Facts About 20 meters east of the mausoleum of Emperor Qin Shi Huang, there have been a big discovered: Two large scale-models of bronze chariots and horses came unearthed in December, 1980. They were tagged Chariot No. 1 and No. 2 respectively. Both required extensive restorations, over two and half years, before displayable in public. No. 2 was unveiled first—in 1983, and five years later, No. ... More

Bronze Cranes and Acrobatics Figures

Bronze Cranes There is an accessory pit numbered No. 7, which is about 984 yards to the northeastern corner of the outer city of the Emperor Qin Shihuang's Mausoleuml. It is F shape and measures 66 yards long. Like many discovers, it is discovered by the villagers in the neighboring Sunma Village when they dug graves. Over 13 bronze birds were unearthed in this pit, which were first discovered i... More

Dressing of Terracotta Warriors

It is believed that the Qin Terracotta Warriors were molded by adopting the realistic methods of expression. As a result, the armors wore by the terracotta warriors should be the most common styles in the Qin Dynasty, and Qin soldiers probably wore this kind of dress to fight.   Qin Officer's Dressing In the Qin Dynasty, the dressings can be the basis of their office class. The terracotta gener... More

Exquisite Weaponry of Terra Cotta Army

Facts A large amount of bronze weapons including swords, spears, scimitars, billhooks, halberds, arrowheads and crossbows have been unearthed in the Terra Cotta Warriors Pits. Despite being buried for over two thousand years, these military weapons still glitter and their edges are as sharp as of old. From these, we can feel the high level of metallurgical technology of the Qin Dynasty(221 BC-206... More

Green Faced Terracotta Warrior

Green-Faced Soldier There is a unique green-faced soldier stand out from the 1,500 terracotta warrior figures of the Terracotta Army. He is discovered in Pit No.2 in 1999, and attracted many archaeologists attention. So many years have passed, but the paint on the warrior’s face still remains. The whole body of this figure was painted in color. The figure's face, neck and ears were painted light... More

Lifelike Terra Cotta Figures

Facts According to the research, the scientists have found an interesting phenomenon: the looks of terracotta warriors unearthed from the Mausoleum of Emperor Qin Shi Huang closely resemble those of modern Chinese people. From the warrior figures, you almost can find every facial variation of modern Chinese man. To our surprise, some people guess the artisans practiced divination, by which they c... More

Military Formation of Terracotta Army

Spring and Autumn and the Warring States Period  The earlier Chinese history, dating back to the Spring and Autumn period (770-476 B.C.) and the period of the Warring States (475-221 B.C.), China was divided into six or seven states that often resorted to war with each other in their struggles for supremacy. Warfare was the predominant way of life. Many treaties have been written on warfare, suc... More

Qin Terra Cotta Artisans

Facts Experts discovered many names carved or printed on the bodies of these figures, during the excavation and repair work on the terracotta warrior figures. So far 87 different names have been recognized. You can find them in such places as the hips or under the arms of the terracotta warrior statues. Based on the further research, it is shown that these 87 people were the master craftsmen, and... More

Terra Cotta Pit No.2

Facts Terra Cotta Pit No.2 is the most spectacular of the three pits. It is located 22 yards to the northeast of Terra Cotta Pit No.1 in Xian Qin Terra Cotta Warriors Museum. Its area is about 7,176 square yards, measuring 107 yards from north to south, and sixteen feet deep, 136 yards from east to west. Compared to Pit No 1 , the discussion in Pit No 2 is more complex and fierce. And the units ... More

Third Excavation of Pit 1

Facts As the same as many cultural heritages were found by local villagers when drilling, Terra Cotta Pit No.1 was discovered by local villagers in March 1974 who were drilling for wells on a piece of barren land. Fragments of terracotta warriors and many bronze weapons were found. These precious discoveries attract much attention immediately. Even the State Administration of Cultural Heritage se... More

Third Excavation of Pit 3

  Facts Covering an area of 622 square yards, the Terra Cotta Warrior Pit No.3 actually is component of both Terracotta Warriors Pit 1 and Terracotta Warriors Pit 2.It just walk 27 yards northwest from Pit 1, hollowing in the center of a square. Pit 3 measures 23.4 yards wide from north to south and 15.7 feet deep, 19.2 yards long from east to west.   Inside of the Pit In fact, ther... More