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Turpan is located in a depression with the area of more than 1000 square kilometers of the eastern part of Xinjiang and some 80 meters below the sea level. And nearby the Moon Lake,, the lowest water surface is 154 meters below the sea level, the second lowest continental point in the world after the Dead Sea. Turpan is called the Land of Fire due to the intense summer temperature, the highest ever recorded was 47.5 C and in summer the ground surface temperature is about 70 C. The Depression is characterized by high temperature and rare persp...